Essential Openvz commands

1. Command to list the running VPSs in a node

# vzlist

Example:

# vzlist
 CTID NPROC STATUS IP_ADDR HOSTNAME
 106 104 running xx.xx.xx.xx server1.test.com 
 107 46 running xx.xx.xx.xx server2.test.com 
 108 83 running xx.xx.xx.xx server3.test.com
 109 86 running xx.xx.xx.xx server4.test.com

2. This command lists all (running and stopped) the VPSs in a node.

# vzlist -a

Example:

# vzlist -a
 CTID NPROC STATUS IP_ADDR HOSTNAME
 106 104 running xx.xx.xx.xx server1.test1.com 
 107 46 running xx.xx.xx.xx server2.test2.com 
 108 83 running xx.xx.xx.xx server3.test3.com
 109 86 running xx.xx.xx.xx server4.test4.com
 110 - stopped xx.xx.xx.xx server5.test5.com

3, To start a VPS

# vzctl start CTID

Example:

# vzctl start 110

4, To stop or shutdown a VPS

# vzctl stop CTID

Example:

# vzctl stop 110

5, To view the status of a VPS

# vzctl status CTID

Example:

# vzctl status 116
CTID 116 exist unmounted down

6, To restart a VPS

# vzctl restart CTID

Example:

# vzctl restart 110

Logging into a container

7, To enter a VPS

# vzctl enter CTID

Example:

# vzctl enter 106
entered into CT 106

8, Delete a container

# vzctl destroy CTID

9, Suspending a container

# vzctl suspend CTID

10, Set hostname for a Server

# vzctl set CTID --hostname New_hostname --save

11, Add new IP to VPS

# vzctl set CTID --ipadd xx.xx.xx.xx --save

12, Delete IP from VPS

# vzctl set CTID --ipdel xx.xx.xx.xx --save

13, Reset root password of a VPS

# vzctl set CTID --userpasswd root:new_password --save

14, To add NameServer IPs to VPS

# vzctl set CTID --nameserver xx.xx.xx.xx --save

15, Executes commands for a container from node

# vzctl exec CTID command

Example:

# vzctl exec 110 df -h
# vzctl exec 101 df -h 
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/simfs 130G 89G 27G 78% /
none 8.0G 4.0K 8.0G 1% /dev
none 8.0G 0 8.0G 0% /dev/shm

16, To check the resource usages

# vzcalc -v CTID

Example:

# vzcalc -v 110
# vzcalc -v 101
Resource Current(%) Promised(%) Max(%)
Low Mem 1.53 182706895112.42 182706895112.42
Total RAM 33.79 n/a n/a
Mem + Swap 1.73 38695649865149.61 n/a
Alloc. Mem 2.95 38695649865149.61 38695649865149.61
Num. Proc 0.05 n/a 2395786836523892.00
--------------------------------------------
Memory 33.79 38695649865149.61 2395786836523892.00
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