Install Perfect Mail Server with ISPConfig and Horde 5.0 on Debian Wheezy- Part-1

First, Install Basic Debian Wheezy. Make sure your network configurations are ok.

Once installed start doing following-

Fixing hostname-

edit /etc/hosts. Make it look like this:

vi /etc/hosts

127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
192.168.0.100 server1.example.com server1

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1 localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters

Now run

echo server1.example.com > /etc/hostname
/etc/init.d/hostname.sh start

Afterwards, run

hostname
hostname -f

It is important that both show server1.example.com now!

Update Your Debian Installation

apt-get update
apt-get upgrade

Change The Default Shell
/bin/sh is a symlink to /bin/dash, however we need /bin/bash, not /bin/dash. Therefore we do this:

dpkg-reconfigure dash
Use dash as the default system shell (/bin/sh)? <– No

If you don't do this, the ISPConfig installation will fail.

Synchronize the System Clock

It is a good idea to synchronize the system clock with an NTP (network time protocol) server over the Internet. Simply run

apt-get install ntp ntpdate

and your system time will always be in sync.

Install Postfix, Dovecot, MySQL, phpMyAdmin, rkhunter, binutils

We can install Postfix, Dovecot, MySQL, rkhunter, and binutils with a single command:

apt-get install postfix postfix-mysql postfix-doc mysql-client mysql-server openssl getmail4 rkhunter binutils dovecot-imapd dovecot-pop3d dovecot-mysql dovecot-sieve sudo

You will be asked the following questions:

General type of mail configuration: <– Internet Site
System mail name: <– server1.example.com
New password for the MySQL "root" user: <– yourrootsqlpassword
Repeat password for the MySQL "root" user: <– yourrootsqlpassword

Next open the TLS/SSL and submission ports in Postfix:

vi /etc/postfix/master.cf

Uncomment the submission and smtps sections as follows (leave -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING as we don't need it):

[…]
submission inet n – – – – smtpd
-o syslog_name=postfix/submission
-o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
-o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
-o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
# -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
smtps inet n – – – – smtpd
-o syslog_name=postfix/smtps
-o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
-o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
-o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
# -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
[…]

Restart Postfix afterwards:

/etc/init.d/postfix restart

We want MySQL to listen on all interfaces, not just localhost, therefore we edit /etc/mysql/my.cnf and comment out the line bind-address = 127.0.0.1:

vi /etc/mysql/my.cnf

[…]
# Instead of skip-networking the default is now to listen only on
# localhost which is more compatible and is not less secure.
#bind-address = 127.0.0.1
[…]

Then we restart MySQL:

/etc/init.d/mysql restart

Install Amavisd-new, SpamAssassin, And Clamav

To install amavisd-new, SpamAssassin, and ClamAV, we run

apt-get install amavisd-new spamassassin clamav clamav-daemon zoo unzip bzip2 arj nomarch lzop cabextract apt-listchanges libnet-ldap-perl libauthen-sasl-perl clamav-docs daemon libio-string-perl libio-socket-ssl-perl libnet-ident-perl zip libnet-dns-perl

The ISPConfig 3 setup uses amavisd which loads the SpamAssassin filter library internally, so we can stop SpamAssassin to free up some RAM:

/etc/init.d/spamassassin stop
update-rc.d -f spamassassin remove

Install Apache2, PHP5, phpMyAdmin, FCGI, suExec, Pear, And mcrypt

Apache2, PHP5, phpMyAdmin, FCGI, suExec, Pear, and mcrypt can be installed as follows:

apt-get install apache2 apache2.2-common apache2-doc apache2-mpm-prefork apache2-utils libexpat1 ssl-cert libapache2-mod-php5 php5 php5-common php5-gd php5-mysql php5-imap phpmyadmin php5-cli php5-cgi libapache2-mod-fcgid apache2-suexec php-pear php-auth php5-mcrypt mcrypt php5-imagick imagemagick libapache2-mod-suphp libruby libapache2-mod-ruby libapache2-mod-python php5-curl php5-intl php5-memcache php5-memcached php5-ming php5-ps php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl memcached

You will see the following question:

Web server to reconfigure automatically: <– apache2
Configure database for phpmyadmin with dbconfig-common? <– No

Then run the following command to enable the Apache modules suexec, rewrite, ssl, actions, and include (plus dav, dav_fs, and auth_digest if you want to use WebDAV):

a2enmod suexec rewrite ssl actions include
a2enmod dav_fs dav auth_digest

Next open /etc/apache2/mods-available/suphp.conf…

vi /etc/apache2/mods-available/suphp.conf

… and comment out the <FilesMatch "\.ph(p3?|tml)$"> section and add the line AddType application/x-httpd-suphp .php .php3 .php4 .php5 .phtml – otherwise all PHP files will be run by SuPHP:

<IfModule mod_suphp.c>
#<FilesMatch "\.ph(p3?|tml)$">
# SetHandler application/x-httpd-suphp
#</FilesMatch>
AddType application/x-httpd-suphp .php .php3 .php4 .php5 .phtml
suPHP_AddHandler application/x-httpd-suphp

<Directory />
suPHP_Engine on
</Directory>

# By default, disable suPHP for debian packaged web applications as files
# are owned by root and cannot be executed by suPHP because of min_uid.
<Directory /usr/share>
suPHP_Engine off
</Directory>

# # Use a specific php config file (a dir which contains a php.ini file)
# suPHP_ConfigPath /etc/php5/cgi/suphp/
# # Tells mod_suphp NOT to handle requests with the type <mime-type>.
# suPHP_RemoveHandler <mime-type>
</IfModule>

Restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

If you want to host Ruby files with the extension .rb on your web sites created through ISPConfig, you must comment out the line application/x-ruby rb in /etc/mime.types:

vi /etc/mime.types

[…]
#application/x-ruby rb
[…]

(This is needed only for .rb files; Ruby files with the extension .rbx work out of the box.)

Restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Xcache

Xcache is a free and open PHP opcode cacher for caching and optimizing PHP intermediate code. It's similar to other PHP opcode cachers, such as eAccelerator and APC. It is strongly recommended to have one of these installed to speed up your PHP page.
Xcache can be installed as follows:

apt-get install php5-xcache

Now restart Apache:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

PHP-FPM

Starting with ISPConfig 3.0.5, there is an additional PHP mode that you can select for usage with Apache: PHP-FPM.

To use PHP-FPM with Apache, we need the mod_fastcgi Apache module (please don't mix this up with mod_fcgid – they are very similar, but you cannot use PHP-FPM with mod_fcgid). We can install PHP-FPM and mod_fastcgi as follows:

apt-get install libapache2-mod-fastcgi php5-fpm

Make sure you enable the module and restart Apache:

a2enmod actions fastcgi alias
/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Install Mailman

Since version 3.0.4, ISPConfig also allows you to manage (create/modify/delete) Mailman mailing lists. If you want to make use of this feature, install Mailman as follows:

apt-get install mailman

Select at least one language, e.g.:

Languages to support: <– en (English)
Missing site list <– Ok

Before we can start Mailman, a first mailing list called mailman must be created:

newlist mailman

root@server1:~# newlist mailman

Enter the email of the person running the list: <– admin email address, e.g. listadmin@example.com
Initial mailman password: <– admin password for the mailman list
To finish creating your mailing list, you must edit your /etc/aliases (or
equivalent) file by adding the following lines, and possibly running the
`newaliases' program:

## mailman mailing list
mailman: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman post mailman"
mailman-admin: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman admin mailman"
mailman-bounces: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman bounces mailman"
mailman-confirm: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman confirm mailman"
mailman-join: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman join mailman"
mailman-leave: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman leave mailman"
mailman-owner: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman owner mailman"
mailman-request: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman request mailman"
mailman-subscribe: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman subscribe mailman"
mailman-unsubscribe: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman unsubscribe mailman"

Hit enter to notify mailman owner… <– ENTER

root@server1:~#

Open /etc/aliases afterwards…

vi /etc/aliases

… and add the following lines

[…]
## mailman mailing list
mailman: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman post mailman"
mailman-admin: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman admin mailman"
mailman-bounces: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman bounces mailman"
mailman-confirm: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman confirm mailman"
mailman-join: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman join mailman"
mailman-leave: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman leave mailman"
mailman-owner: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman owner mailman"
mailman-request: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman request mailman"
mailman-subscribe: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman subscribe mailman"
mailman-unsubscribe: "|/var/lib/mailman/mail/mailman unsubscribe mailman"

Run

newaliases

afterwards and restart Postfix:

/etc/init.d/postfix restart

Finally we must enable the Mailman Apache configuration:

ln -s /etc/mailman/apache.conf /etc/apache2/conf.d/mailman.conf

This defines the alias /cgi-bin/mailman/ for all Apache vhosts, which means you can access the Mailman admin interface for a list at http://<vhost>/cgi-bin/mailman/admin/<listname>, and the web page for users of a mailing list can be found at http://<vhost>/cgi-bin/mailman/listinfo/<listname>.

Under http://<vhost>/pipermail you can find the mailing list archives.

Restart Apache afterwards:

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Then start the Mailman daemon:

/etc/init.d/mailman start

Install PureFTPd And Quota

PureFTPd and quota can be installed with the following command:

apt-get install pure-ftpd-common pure-ftpd-mysql quota quotatool

Edit the file /etc/default/pure-ftpd-common…

vi /etc/default/pure-ftpd-common

… and make sure that the start mode is set to standalone and set VIRTUALCHROOT=true:

[…]
STANDALONE_OR_INETD=standalone
[…]
VIRTUALCHROOT=true
[…]

Now we configure PureFTPd to allow FTP and TLS sessions. FTP is a very insecure protocol because all passwords and all data are transferred in clear text. By using TLS, the whole communication can be encrypted, thus making FTP much more secure.

If you want to allow FTP and TLS sessions, run

echo 1 > /etc/pure-ftpd/conf/TLS

In order to use TLS, we must create an SSL certificate. I create it in /etc/ssl/private/, therefore I create that directory first:

mkdir -p /etc/ssl/private/

Afterwards, we can generate the SSL certificate as follows:

openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 7300 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem -out /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem

Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]: <– Enter your Country Name (e.g., "DE").
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]: <– Enter your State or Province Name.
Locality Name (eg, city) []: <– Enter your City.
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]: <– Enter your Organization Name (e.g., the name of your company).
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: <– Enter your Organizational Unit Name (e.g. "IT Department").
Common Name (eg, YOUR name) []: <– Enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name of the system (e.g. "server1.example.com").
Email Address []: <– Enter your Email Address.

Change the permissions of the SSL certificate:

chmod 600 /etc/ssl/private/pure-ftpd.pem

Then restart PureFTPd:

/etc/init.d/pure-ftpd-mysql restart

Edit /etc/fstab. Mine looks like this (I added ,usrjquota=quota.user,grpjquota=quota.group,jqfmt=vfsv0 to the partition with the mount point /):

vi /etc/fstab

# /etc/fstab: static file system information.
#
# Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
# device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
# that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
#
# <file system> <mount point> <type> <options> <dump> <pass>
/dev/mapper/server1-root / ext4 errors=remount-ro,usrjquota=quota.user,grpjquota=quota.group,jqfmt=vfsv0 0 1
# /boot was on /dev/sda1 during installation
UUID=46d1bd79-d761-4b23-80b8-ad20cb18e049 /boot ext2 defaults 0 2
/dev/mapper/server1-swap_1 none swap sw 0 0
/dev/sr0 /media/cdrom0 udf,iso9660 user,noauto 0 0

To enable quota, run these commands:

mount -o remount /
quotacheck -avugm
quotaon -avug

Install BIND DNS Server

BIND can be installed as follows:

apt-get install bind9 dnsutils

Install Vlogger, Webalizer, And AWstats

Vlogger, webalizer, and AWstats can be installed as follows:

apt-get install vlogger webalizer awstats geoip-database libclass-dbi-mysql-perl

Open /etc/cron.d/awstats afterwards…

vi /etc/cron.d/awstats

… and comment out everything in that file:

#MAILTO=root

#*/10 * * * * www-data [ -x /usr/share/awstats/tools/update.sh ] && /usr/share/awstats/tools/update.sh

# Generate static reports:
#10 03 * * * www-data [ -x /usr/share/awstats/tools/buildstatic.sh ] && /usr/share/awstats/tools/buildstatic.sh

Install ISPConfig 3

To install ISPConfig 3 from the latest released version, do this:

cd /tmp
wget http://www.ispconfig.org/downloads/ISPConfig-3-stable.tar.gz
tar xfz ISPConfig-3-stable.tar.gz
cd ispconfig3_install/install/

The next step is to run

php -q install.php

This will start the ISPConfig 3 installer. The installer will configure all services like Postfix, Dovecot, etc. for you. A manual setup as required for ISPConfig 2 (perfect setup guides) is not necessary.

root@server1:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install# php -q install.php
PHP Deprecated: Comments starting with '#' are deprecated in /etc/php5/cli/conf.d/ming.ini on line 1 in Unknown on line 0

——————————————————————————–
_____ ___________ _____ __ _ ____
|_ _/ ___| ___ \ / __ \ / _(_) /__ \
| | \ `–.| |_/ / | / \/ ___ _ __ | |_ _ __ _ _/ /
| | `–. \ __/ | | / _ \| '_ \| _| |/ _` | |_ |
_| |_/\__/ / | | \__/\ (_) | | | | | | | (_| | ___\ \
\___/\____/\_| \____/\___/|_| |_|_| |_|\__, | \____/
__/ |
|___/
——————————————————————————–

>> Initial configuration

Operating System: Debian or compatible, unknown version.

Following will be a few questions for primary configuration so be careful.
Default values are in [brackets] and can be accepted with <ENTER>.
Tap in "quit" (without the quotes) to stop the installer.

Select language (en,de) [en]: <– ENTER

Installation mode (standard,expert) [standard]: <– ENTER

Full qualified hostname (FQDN) of the server, eg server1.domain.tld [server1.example.com]: <– ENTER

MySQL server hostname [localhost]: <– ENTER

MySQL root username [root]: <– ENTER

MySQL root password []: <– yourrootsqlpassword

MySQL database to create [dbispconfig]: <– ENTER

MySQL charset [utf8]: <– ENTER

Generating a 4096 bit RSA private key
…………………………………………………….++
………………………………………………………………………………………………………….++
writing new private key to 'smtpd.key'
—–
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
—–
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]: <– ENTER
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]: <– ENTER
Locality Name (eg, city) []: <– ENTER
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]: <– ENTER
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: <– ENTER
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []: <– ENTER
Email Address []: <– ENTER
Configuring Jailkit
Configuring Dovecot
Configuring Spamassassin
Configuring Amavisd
Configuring Getmail
Configuring Pureftpd
Configuring BIND
Configuring Apache
Configuring Vlogger
Configuring Apps vhost
Configuring Bastille Firewall
Configuring Fail2ban
Installing ISPConfig
ISPConfig Port [8080]: <– ENTER

Do you want a secure (SSL) connection to the ISPConfig web interface (y,n) [y]: <– ENTER

Generating RSA private key, 4096 bit long modulus
…………………………………………………………………………………….++
……..++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
—–
Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]: <– ENTER
State or Province Name (full name) [Some-State]: <– ENTER
Locality Name (eg, city) []: <– ENTER
Organization Name (eg, company) [Internet Widgits Pty Ltd]: <– ENTER
Organizational Unit Name (eg, section) []: <– ENTER
Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []: <– ENTER
Email Address []: <– ENTER

Please enter the following 'extra' attributes
to be sent with your certificate request
A challenge password []: <– ENTER
An optional company name []: <– ENTER
writing RSA key
Configuring DBServer
Installing ISPConfig crontab
no crontab for root
no crontab for getmail
Restarting services …
Stopping MySQL database server: mysqld.
Starting MySQL database server: mysqld ..
Checking for tables which need an upgrade, are corrupt or were
not closed cleanly..
Stopping Postfix Mail Transport Agent: postfix.
Starting Postfix Mail Transport Agent: postfix.
Stopping amavisd: amavisd-new.
Starting amavisd: amavisd-new.
Stopping ClamAV daemon: clamd.
Starting ClamAV daemon: clamd .
Restarting IMAP/POP3 mail server: dovecot.
[Tue May 07 02:36:22 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:443 has no VirtualHosts
[Tue May 07 02:36:22 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
[Tue May 07 02:36:23 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:443 has no VirtualHosts
[Tue May 07 02:36:23 2013] [warn] NameVirtualHost *:80 has no VirtualHosts
Restarting web server: apache2 … waiting .
Restarting ftp server: Running: /usr/sbin/pure-ftpd-mysql-virtualchroot -l mysql:/etc/pure-ftpd/db/mysql.conf -l pam -H -O clf:/var/log/pure-ftpd/transfer.log -Y 1 -D -u 1000 -A -E -b -8 UTF-8 -B
Installation completed.
root@server1:/tmp/ispconfig3_install/install#

The installer automatically configures all underlying services, so no manual configuration is needed.

You now also have the possibility to let the installer create an SSL vhost for the ISPConfig control panel, so that ISPConfig can be accessed using https:// instead of http://. To achieve this, just press ENTER when you see this question: Do you want a secure (SSL) connection to the ISPConfig web interface (y,n) [y]:.

Afterwards you can access ISPConfig 3 under http(s)://server1.example.com:8080/ or http(s)://192.168.0.100:8080/ ( http or https depends on what you chose during installation). Log in with the username admin and the password admin (you should change the default password after your first login):

Continue to Part-2

http://www.howtoforge.com/perfect-server-debian-wheezy-apache2-bind-dovecot-ispconfig-3

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