Linux Router- No NAT

I assume you have one public IP address for your WAN side, and a block for the LAN side, something like this:

ISP-----ROUTER ETH0/ROUTER ETH1------SWITCH------PCs

You NEED to have a public IP address for the WAN interface, ISP will route the subnet they have given you through this IP address. Simply you need to set the forwarding bit to 1

echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

To make it persistent you need to edit /etc/sysctl.conf, find this line:

net.ipv4.ip_forward=0

and change it to

net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

Make sure to uncomment it if commented. Now, all you need to do is set your pc’s default gateway to point to the linux router and assuming the ISP has done their work by routing the block through the public ip address for your lan side.

Now. If all you have is a public address block… you’re not looking into routing, just hook the ISP to a switch and all the PCs to the switch and it should be done. If you can specify more details we might be able to help you more.

With IPv6

You say your interfaces are configured as follows:

wan: 2800:40:403::1/48
lan: 2800:40:403::3/48

What is your default gateway? I guess 2800:40:403::2/48

It shouldn’t really work like this. I haven’t worked with IPv6 yet but you have the two interfaces in one subnet, I guess I will allow you to configure that but say a Cisco router would at least warn you about the overlap

Easiest solution is all the PCs go to a switch connected to the ISP.

The real solution is tell the ISP to give you 1 public address on their address space for WAN and to route the block through that address. Then all you have to do is configure:

wan: ip-from-their-space
lan: 2800:40:403::1/48

And all the lan PCs should point to that one as default.

You have a very large address space, what you could do is further subnet it.

With Bridge Interface

If you really want to bridge the interfaces you can do it without anything IP related. You will only have one interface with an IP address that way.

All you need to do is install bridge-utils, then you configure it this way:

ip add flush dev eth0
ip add flush dev eth1
brctl addbr br0
brctl addif br0 eth0 eth1
ip link set dev br0 up

Then configure your IPv6 address on br0 instead and now you have a transparent bridge. It still doesn’t solve your IPv4 problem but you could solve it this way:

Configure IPv4 public and private address on br0, and NAT this way:

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -j SNAT -s / --to-source

Src: https://serverfault.com/questions/400395/linux-as-a-gateway-no-nat

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