Perfect Backup MX using Postfix

This is quite simple, and with a very simple setup, and does not require that much, since we do not need to send out e-mails from clients from this server, or use ASMTP. I find that MySQL is not needed here, but could be used. I will use normal flat files, since the number of domains to run a backup for is most likely a rather small number. 

This setup can be editet to run all times of different checks, antivirus etc.  Normally you would make sure that the setup is exactly the same on both the primary MTA, and the backup. It hardenens the systems, and should reduce spam, and unwanted traffic. Create public DNS entries. Remember to create an MX record with an lower priority than the primary mail server, or else this will not work! 43200 IN MX 10 43200 IN MX 20

After this these two records are created with A records pointing to different IPs (different servers).  Continue reading “Perfect Backup MX using Postfix” »


Installing Certbot on Debian 8

root@server:~# cat /etc/apt/sources.list

deb jessie main
deb-src jessie main

deb jessie/updates main
deb-src jessie/updates main

deb jessie-updates main
deb-src jessie-updates main

deb jessie-backports main

Continue reading “Installing Certbot on Debian 8” »


Apache Virtual Hosts on Debian 7

Virtual Hosts are used to run more than one domain off of a single IP address. This is especially useful to people who need to run several sites off of one virtual private server– each will display different information to the visitors, depending on which website the user is accessing.There is no limit to the number of virtual hosts that can be added to a VPS.

Set Up
The steps in this tutorial require the user to have root privileges. You can see how to set that up in the Initial Server Setup. Choose whichever username you fancy.

Additionally, you need to have apache already installed and running on your virtual server. If you haven’t already done so, use the following command:

sudo apt-get install apache2

Continue reading “Apache Virtual Hosts on Debian 7” »


Install PSiTransfer on Debian 8 A Simple Open Source Self-hosted File Sharing Solution

PSiTransfer, which is a simple and open source file sharing utility. Using PSiTransfer, we can either share our files locally or globally. Unlike, it is not a website. It is actually a self-hosted file sharing platform. You can deploy it on home system to share files over local area network. Or, you can deploy it on a VPS or Cloud, so that you can access or share your files from anywhere, using any Internet-enabled device. Since, it comes with built-in web server, you don’t need to deploy any other extra software. All you need is a web browser to access or share your stuffs. Continue reading “Install PSiTransfer on Debian 8 A Simple Open Source Self-hosted File Sharing Solution” »


Simple way to tune apache performance using mpm prefork module

There could be many reasons why your website performance is poor, one of them can possibly be that Apache is not coping with the load. Below you’ll find ready to consume configuration to make Apache performance better using the Apache MPM prefork module.

To do this, just include the below lines into your httpd.conf apache configuration file:

<IfModule mpm_prefork_module>
 StartServers 2
 MinSpareServers 2
 MaxSpareServers 5
 MaxClients 200 #must be customized
 ServerLimit 200 #must be customized
 MaxRequestsPerChild 100

KeepAlive Off

Some explanations are here:

Continue reading “Simple way to tune apache performance using mpm prefork module” »


Install And Configure Varnish Cache With Apache On Debian 7

Varnish Cache is a web accelerator, sometimes referred to as a HTTP accelerator or a reverse HTTP proxy, that will significantly enhance your web performance.

Varnish speeds up a website by storing a copy of the page served by the web server the first time a user visits that page. The next time a user requests the same page, Varnish will serve the copy instead of requesting the page from the web server.

This means that your web server needs to handle less traffic and your website’s performance and scalability go through the roof. Varnish cache will increase the delivery of your web content by 80 % or more, depending on your architecture. Continue reading “Install And Configure Varnish Cache With Apache On Debian 7” »


How to correctly install wkhtmltopdf on debian 64 bit?

Ubuntu and Debian packages are compatible most times but not in all cases, i think this is the trouble you’re having you’re trying to use the Ubuntu’s .deb for Debian instead you should get the Debian specific file, (it works for both jessie and wheezy)

sudo dpkg -i wkhtmltox-0.12.1_linux-wheezy-amd64.deb

Then in the /etc/init.d/openerp-server or /etc/init.d/odoo-server script(s), depending on your which one you have

add /usr/local/bin to the front of path environment variable for example,


This tells odoo where to look for system binaries it requires or optionally you can copy the files to /usr/bin, if you don’t want to mess with those files

sudo cp /usr/local/bin/wkhtmlto* /usr/bin/



LHMP- Linux Haiwatha Mysql PHP simplistic new breed!!

hiawathaStep 1 – Setup repository for pre-compiled Hiawatha Debian binaries

The first thing you’ll need to do is to setup the repository for Hiawatha Webserver. You may also compile it on your own if you wish, but for this tutorial we’ll be using the pre-compiled binaries.

First, get and install the repository’s public key:

apt-key adv --recv-keys --keyserver 79AF54A9

Open up and edit sources.list with:

nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Add the following to sources.list:

deb squeeze main

Save the changes that you have made, then exit. Continue reading “LHMP- Linux Haiwatha Mysql PHP simplistic new breed!!” »


Create a Sudo User on Debian or Ubuntu

Log in to your server as the root user.

ssh root@server_ip_address

Use the adduser command to add a new user to your system. Be sure to replace username with the user that you want to create.

adduser username

Set and confirm the new user’s password at the prompt. A strong password is highly recommended! Continue reading “Create a Sudo User on Debian or Ubuntu” »


Fixing error: ‘Access denied for user ‘debian-sys-maint’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)’

For all you Ubuntu/MySQL developers out there, have you ever seen the following?

neo@thematrix:~$ sudo /etc/init.d/mysql restart
* Stopping MySQL database server mysqld [fail]
* Starting MySQL database server mysqld [ OK ]
/usr/bin/mysqladmin: connect to server at 'localhost' failed
error: 'Access denied for user 'debian-sys-maint'@'localhost' (using password: YES)'

So, what is this “debian-sys-maint” user?  Well, this MySQL user is created for the Ubuntu to be able to start/stop the database and to carry out other maintenance operations.

Sounds well enough, but then why do I keep running into the “access denied” problem for this user?  Well, the issue is that with each update to MySQL, the user’s password in the database is overwritten.  Ubuntu seems to go to the file /etc/mysql/debian.cnf in order to find this user’s password, but obviously the password is out of sync after the update has been applied.

As a result of this behaviour, I’ll run into the “access denied” problem every so often.  Thankfully, the solution to this issue is fairly simple. Continue reading “Fixing error: ‘Access denied for user ‘debian-sys-maint’@’localhost’ (using password: YES)’” »