Install Xen Orchestra on Ubuntu / Debian

Step 1: Update System

Let’s start the installation by updating all the system packages:

sudo apt update

Also consider performing an upgrade:

sudo apt upgrade -y

Step 2: Install Node.js on Ubuntu / Debian

Install dependencies.

sudo apt install -y ca-certificates curl gnupg

Import GPG repository keys:

sudo mkdir -p /etc/apt/keyrings
curl -fsSL | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /etc/apt/keyrings/nodesource.gpg

The next step is the installation of Node.js on Ubuntu / Debian Linux system:

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Convert Xen XVA to KVM

Citrix Xen uses a custom virtual appliance format for import/export called “XVA”. it’s basically a strangely crafted tar-file. You don’t need this program to unpack this tar-file, just use your favourite tar unpacker (tar, gtar, bsdtar). Once unpacked you will end up with a lot of different files, ova.xml (which contains the settings for the virtual appliance, think VMware vmx) and a number of folders called Ref:/, this is your disks. Each of these folders contain hundreds of files named 00000000, 00000001 with a accompanying .CHECKSUM file (SHA1). Each file is a 1MB slice of the disk, but some of the files in the sequence will probably be missing this is because XVA do not use compression; instead it will exclude slices of the disk that only contains zeros (are empty). This tool can assemble the disk for you (you will end up with a RAW disk) that can easily be mounted and modified. It can then also split the file again and generate checksum. Once ready, you will probably want to use the “package” command to rebuild the XVA file.

I’m running this conversion into a Debian 11 Server. First thing, you need to install xvz-img package from git repo into Debian server. Let’s install some essential package first-

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XOA on XCP-NG import and install

Start a new SSH session to your XenServer host and run the commands below.

### Using curl ###
[18:18 xcp-node-01 ~]# bash -c "$(curl -sS"
### Using wget ###
[18:18 xcp-node-01 ~]# bash -c "$(wget -qO-"

If you are using an old XenServer version, you may encounter SSL connection issues. This can bypassed by using the unsecure connection instead:

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Install Proxmox 7 on Debian 12

Install a standard Debian Bookworm, for details consider the Debian installation guide, and configure a static IP.

Note: The Debian installer performs network configuration by IPv6 autoconfiguration and DHCP by default, if available. To force manual network configuration in the UEFI installer, press E and add netcfg/disable_autoconfig=true to the linux command line. For the BIOS installer, select the Help entry and start the installation by typing installgui netcfg/disable_autoconfig=true. For further details, see the Debian installer documentation.

It is recommended to only install the “standard system utilities” and “SSH server” package selection, as Proxmox VE brings its own packages for QEMU and LXC. A desktop environment is not necessary.

Add an /etc/hosts entry for your IP address

The hostname of your machine must be resolvable via /etc/hosts. This means that in /etc/hosts you need one of the following entries for your hostname:

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Fixing Proxmox Delete user failed: cannot update tfa config, following nodes are not up to date:

Please check if all the nodes are on the same package versions: run

pveversion -v

and compare the outputs.

If they’re not matching, you can run

apt update && apt dist-upgrade

To upgrade the nodes. if there’s a kernel upgrade you will also need to reboot the machines. If after the upgrades you still don’t see the same versions of the packages, then maybe you have wrong repositories set up [0]


VNC Client Access on Proxmox KVM guests

Configure VNC Access in the Configuration File

Add a line to the VM’s configuration file /etc/pve/local/qemu-server/<VMID>.conf which specifies the VNC display number as follows (“77” in the example below):

args: -vnc

If you want to use password protection, add:

args: -vnc,password=on

The display number can be freely chosen, but each number must occur only once. The VNC service then listens at port 5900+display_number. Note that connections via noVNC use display number 0 and following, therefore it is recommended to use higher numbers in order to avoid conflicts.

You can now connect the VNC client to the host IP address and port as chosen (“5977” in the example above).

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Creating a XEN guest and tidbids in CLI


Now that the Xen hypervisor/Dom0 virtual machine is configured and up and running, it’s time to configure and create a DomU. Just like we did in the Debian 9 tutorial, we will now install and use the xen-tools package to automate the steps involved in creating a paravirtualized (“PV”) DomU.


Use apt-get to update the Xen hypervisor/Dom0 package index files, and upgrade all currently installed packages. As root run the following command:

# apt-get update && apt-get upgrade

Next, use apt-get to install the xen-tools package from the Debian stretch repository, which is currently shipping xen-tools version 4.8-1. Run the following command as root:

# apt-get install xen-tools


Before we use xen-tools to create a new DomU, we need to create a LVM volume group which will be used to provision disk space for new virtual machines. In this step, we assume Dom0 was installed on the /dev/sda1 partition of your primary disk drive, and that all other /dev/sda drive space is empty.

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Cloudmin-GPL XEN on Debian 10

This article is inspired and prepared on the forked Cloudmin Xen script updated for Debian 10. However, the following procedures to be followed as precuationary before executing the updated script, which is available in this post in below section.

PHASE-I Prepare Environment for XEN


In this step we install the Xen Project hypervisor software package, and configure the Dom0 virtual machine by way of the Debian base operating system. Once all preliminary configuration is complete, we will reboot the computer and automatically boot into the Xen hypervisor/Dom0 virtual machine to explore the new system.


If you need to add a non-root user, the sudo package, non-free firmware, a firewall, or other necessary packages, now is the time.

Use apt-get to update the Debian base operating system package index files, and upgrade all currently installed packages. As root (or using sudo) run the following command:

# apt-get update && apt-get upgrade

Next, use apt-get to install the Xen Project hypervisor meta-package. Run the following command as root, adjusting the architecture suffix to suit your hardware:

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