You can use utility httping for that. It sends a HEAD request (by default) to a web server and measures the time it took to get a response.
The utility is available through a number of repositories for different OS’es and Linux distros:
sudo apt install httping
sudo apk add httping
macOS with Homebrew:
brew install httping
How to use it:
httping -x 188.8.131.52:1080 -g http://google.com
~ httping -g http://google.com -c 3 PING google.com:80 (/): connected to 184.108.40.206:80 (313 bytes), seq=0 time= 38.49 ms connected to 220.127.116.11:80 (313 bytes), seq=1 time= 66.94 ms connected to 18.104.22.168:80 (313 bytes), seq=2 time= 40.79 ms --- http://google.com/ ping statistics --- 3 connects, 3 ok, 0.00% failed, time 3162ms round-trip min/avg/max = 38.5/48.7/66.9 ms
-x – Address of a proxy server, port is optional
-g – URL to send a request to
Other useful options:
-5 – Use SOCKS5. Should be put after the -x option, i.e.:
httping -x localhost:1080 -5 -g http://google.com
-c – How many probes to send before exiting. Infinite by default.
-G – Do a GET request instead of a HEAD request. That means that also full page/file will be transferred. Note that in this case you’re no longer measuring the latency! Useful for testing actual websites.
Be noticed that the time measured also includes the latency introduced by the proxy server itself.
As another example, I used httping to estimate latency of my connection to Tor network through Tor proxy:
httping -x localhost:9050 -5 -g http://google.com
The only option I wish httping had is the ability to ask SOCKS5 proxy for domain name resolution, instead of doing it on its own, which is a more secure way with Tor.
Here is a link to the author’s website: